Johann Pachelbel

(1653 - 1706)

German organist and composer. Deputy organist, St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna, 1673-1676. Court organist Eisenach 1677. Organist, Protestant Predigerkirche, Erfurt, 1678-1690. Court organist, Stuttgart, 1690-1692. Organist, St. Sebald, Nuremburg, 1695-1706. His compositions influenced Bach. Works include Hexachordrum Apollinis (1699), 6 sets of airs and variations for harpsichord; 78 chorale preludes (1693), including Ein' feste Burg, Nun komm der Heiden Heiland, Vom Himmel hoch, etc.; Aria Sebaldina, variations in F minor for harpsichord; Canon and Gigue in D for 3 violins and continuo; Chaconne and 13 variations for harpsichord. His church music, for long disregarded, has been highly revalued, particularly his sacred concertos and his 13 settings of the Magnificat.

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